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Motorworld’s newspaper №80

1938, the Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG concern started the production of the Puch 350GS motorcycle (letters GS in the model’s name meant Geländesport, i.e. “off-road racing”). In fact, it was the world’s first mass-produced enduro. It came with a tubular duplex frame and the McPherson (or candle) suspension of the rear wheel. A raised exhaust pipe was a distinctive feature of this bike. Giovanni Marcellino designed the engine for this motorcycle: a longitudinal U-shape cylinder and pistons with separate connecting rods. The transmission layout was copied from the previous models of the brand: longitudinal crankshaft, conical motor gearing, 4-speed gearbox, and rear-wheel clutch hub. The initial version of the engine had the cylinders of different diameters (48 and 55 mm) and could and could achieve 14 hp, but since 1939 a simplified version with cylinders of equal diameter (51.5 mm), which developed 12 hp, went into serial production.

Puch 350GS was the last machine designed by Giovanni Marcellino: he left the country after the Anschluss (Germany’s takeover of Austria in 1938). But 350GS could not emigrate, so it was called to serve the occupiers: a considerable number of these machines joined the Wehrmacht troops during the Second World War. By order of the army, the Puch 350GS motorcycles were also made in a simplified version: with a rigid suspension of the rear wheel and the lower positioned exhaust pipe.

Manufacturer Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG, Graz (Styria, Austria)
Years of manufacture 1938 – 1942
Quantity produced, units About 10 000
Price 1 700 S
Today’s value 7 325,55 $
Type 1-cylinder, 2-stroke
Engine capacity, cc 349
Bore and stroke, mm (48 & 55) х 83,4
Engine rating 14 h.p. at 4000 rpm
Sparking Battery
Carburetor Single
Battery 6 V
Clutch Dry, multiple-plate
Transmission 4-speed
Frame type Tubular duplex
Front suspension parallelogram
Rear suspension parallelogram
Brakes Drum type
Wheel size 3,50 х 19
Length, mm
2 125
Width, mm
Height, mm
1 040
Wheelbase, mm
1 341
Ground clearance, mm
Seat height
Mass, kg
   170 (с коляской 245)
Gas tank size, l
Maximum speed, km/h
Range, km