Motorworld’s newspaper № 22
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In 1926 Ernst Wewer, a motorcycle racer and a jeweler by family tradition, could at last turn into reality his long-held plans: he started the manufacturing of motorcycles. Engineer Otto Karpe whom he invited as his chief designer created a reliable suspension system, and it was decided that motors and transmissions would be purchased elsewhere. Their best choice was JAP, and so for seven straight years Tornax motorcycles were outfitted with a full rage of British engines: OHV and L-head, single- and twin-cylinder, with engine capacity from 246 cc to 996 cc. In 1933, due to the Hitler government ban on using foreign components, the company got a homeland partner—Columbus.

In 1928 Otto Karpe introduced the saddle-shaped fuel tank with the dash board which could hold (depending on the model) the speedometer, the fuel gage and even the time piece.

Tornax III/30 1000cc

The first twin-cylinder Tornax motorcycle was model III/30 produced in 1930. It had an L-head, 996-cc, 26 h.p. engine. The manufacturer claimed that it could achieve a maximum speed of 130 km/h which made the motorcycle one of the fastest in the world. At special order the so-called 100-mile JAP engine was installed (analogous to Brough Superior SS 100) engine), and it could help achieve a guaranteed speed of 160 km/h.

Tornax III/30 1000cc

Tornax motorcycles enjoyed excellent reputation which was undoubtedly supported by the well-known quality of British JAP engines. In early 1930s, however, the sales were declining, so by 1939 the company started producing only motorcycles with engines of smaller capacity, and in 1941 the Tornax production site was completely destroyed as a result of a bomb attack.

Manufacturer Tornax Fahrzeug- und Apparatebau, GmbH, Wuppertal (Germany)
Years of manufacture 1930
Quantity produced, units
Today’s value
Type Twin-cylinder, L-head
Engine capacity, cc 996
Bore and stroke, mm
Engine rating 26 h.p.
Sparking Magneto
Carburetor Amal Typ 6/011
Battery 6 V
Transmission 4-speed
Frame type Tubular, steel
Front suspension Sprung
Rear suspension Rigid
Brakes Drum type
Wheel size 4 х 19
Length, mm
2 200*
Width, mm
Height, mm
1 210*
Wheelbase, mm
1 440*
Ground clearance, mm
Seat height, mm
Mass, kg
Gas tank size, l
Maximum speed, km/h
Range, km

* – Data from the results of the measurement of the “Motorworld by V.Sheyanov” exhibit.