Motorworld’s newspaper №80

In 1938, the Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG consortium started the production of the Puch 350GS motorcycle (the GS in the model’s name meant Geländesport, i.e. “off-the-road sports racing”). In practical terms, that was the first serially produced enduro vehicle. It came with a tubular duplex and the McPherson (or candle) suspension; the machine was also featuring a turned-up exhaust pipe. Giovanni Marcellino designed the engine for this motorcycle: a longitudinal U-shape cylinder and pistons with separate connecting rods. The transmission layout was kept from the preceding motorcycle models of this brand: longitudinal crankshaft, conical motor gearing, 4-step gearbox and engine clutch at the rear wheel center boss. The initial engine version featuring cylinders of varied diameter (48 and 55 mm) could achieve 14 h.p., but after 1939 a simpler option was serially produced, with the cylinders of the same diameter (51.5 mm), developing 12 h.p.

Puch 350GS became the last machine designed by Giovanni Marcellino: he left the country after the Anschluss (Germany’s takeover of Austria in 1938). The 350GS could not emigrate, however, so it was called to serve the occupiers: during WWII a large number of these machines were delivered to the Wehrmacht troops. On order by the army the Puch 350GS motorcycles were also made in a simplified version: with a rigid suspension of the rear wheel and lower location of the exhaust pipe.


Manufacturer Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG, Graz (Styria, Austria)
Years of manufacture 1938 – 1942
Quantity produced, units About 10 000
Price 1 700 S
Today’s value 7 325,55 $
ENGINE AND TRANSMISSION
Type 1-cylinder, 2-stroke
Engine capacity, cc 349
Bore and stroke, mm (48 & 55) х 83,4
Engine rating 14 h.p. at 4000 rpm
Sparking Battery
Carburetor Single
Battery 6 V
Clutch Dry, multiple-plate
Transmission 4-speed
FRAME AND WHEELBASE
Frame type Tubular duplex
Front suspension parallelogram
Rear suspension parallelogram
Brakes Drum type
Wheel size 3,50 х 19
DIMENSIONS
Length, mm
2 125
Width, mm
   800
Height, mm
1 040
Wheelbase, mm
1 341
Ground clearance, mm
   150
Seat height
   701
Mass, kg
   170 (с коляской 245)
Gas tank size, l
     12,5
Maximum speed, km/h
   108
Range, km
   357