Motorworld’s newspaper №80

In 1938, the Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG consortium started the production of the Puch 350GS motorcycle (the GS in the model’s name meant Geländesport, i.e. “off-the-road sports racing”). In practical terms, that was the first serially produced enduro vehicle. It came with a tubular duplex and the McPherson (or candle) suspension; the machine was also featuring a turned-up exhaust pipe. Giovanni Marcellino designed the engine for this motorcycle: a longitudinal U-shape cylinder and pistons with separate connecting rods. The transmission layout was copied from the previous brand models: longitudinal crankshaft, conical motor gearing, 4-speed gearbox, and rear-wheel clutch hub. The initial motor version had the cylinders of different diameters (48 and 55 mm) could achieve 14 h.p.and could achieve 14 h.p., but after 1939 a simplified version with the cylinders of the same diameter (51.5 mm) went into serial production; now the engine could produce a maximum of 12 h.p.

Puch 350GS became the last machine designed by Giovanni Marcellino: he left the country after the Anschluss (Germany’s takeover of Austria in 1938). The 350GS could not emigrate, however, so it was called to serve the occupiers: during WWII a large number of these machines were delivered to the Wehrmacht troops. On order by the army, the Puch 350GS motorcycles were also made in a simplified version: with a rigid suspension of the rear wheel and lower location of the exhaust pipe.

Manufacturer Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG, Graz (Styria, Austria)
Years of manufacture 1938 – 1942
Quantity produced, units About 10 000
Price 1 700 S
Today’s value 7 325,55 $
Type 1-cylinder, 2-stroke
Engine capacity, cc 349
Bore and stroke, mm (48 & 55) х 83,4
Engine rating 14 h.p. at 4000 rpm
Sparking Battery
Carburetor Single
Battery 6 V
Clutch Dry, multiple-plate
Transmission 4-speed
Frame type Tubular duplex
Front suspension parallelogram
Rear suspension parallelogram
Brakes Drum type
Wheel size 3,50 х 19
Length, mm
2 125
Width, mm
Height, mm
1 040
Wheelbase, mm
1 341
Ground clearance, mm
Seat height
Mass, kg
   170 (с коляской 245)
Gas tank size, l
Maximum speed, km/h
Range, km